Strategy To Prepare Ethics paper In 2020


Strategy To Prepare Ethics, In today’s article, we are going to tell you about the strategy on how to prepare for Ethics Paper.

What is Ethics? 

Ethics is concerned with what is good for individuals and society and is also described as moral philosophy. The term is derived from the Greek word ethos which can mean custom, habit, character or disposition.


  1. GS Paper-4, Ethics, Honesty, and Aptitude, was adopted as part of Civil Service Exam syllabus revisions, 2013.
  2. The official UPSC syllabus offers specific guidance on what UPSC would like to check through this document.
  3. It states that “This paper will include questions to test the attitude and approach of candidates to issues related to ethics, probity in public life, and his problem-solving approach to various issues and disputes that he encounters in coping with society. The case study methodology may be used to evaluate these aspects.
  4. This paper is divided into two parts, Section A and Section B, priced at 125 marks each.
  • Sections A cover theoretical problems that are typical of the form applied.
  • Section B is caseload research.

Both sections need tailored strategies.

  1. Overall, scoring in ethics paper is a game of keywords, self-awareness and the ability to project oneself as a rational and successful individual while committed to personal and professional ethics.
  2. The nature of the exam is generalist in nature. Until now UPSC has raised questions that allow common sense to be implemented while keeping ethical values in mind.

Ethics Paper Value  | Starategy To Prepare Ethics

Scoring well in ethics paper is the sine qua non for featuring in the final list and having the desired service. This paper provides full returns, as does the essay article. One can score good marks with very less effort. In GS Paper-1, 2, 3 papers and also the essay paper, detailed planning of this paper also helps in adding the moral dimension to the responses. It also helps to come across as a person who in the personality test has desired qualities of a civil servant.

General Guidelines for Ethics Paper Planning 

  1. Know the syllabus-Ethics syllabus is the most important collection of books and keywords in itself. 
  2. Study the syllabus, so that in your answers you can use the keywords listed in the syllabus.
  3. Read limited books. Read them twice before getting essential lines labelled. Make short notes and draw lines.
  4. Notes help to hold keywords together in a concise manner. This is A MUST as writing the Ethics answer is keyword wordplay See all previous year articles. 
  5. Take note of unusual keywords asking about 7 sins, Weber, Rawls theory of social justice, etc. Using such keywords in your responses.
  6. Reading is not as critical for Ethics as response writing. Know the best answer writing technique and structure for both section-A and case studies.
  7. Create examples from political events, social problems, work-life, your areas of interest, etc. Examples from the foundation of Ethics paper reaction writing.
  8. Draw diagrams to be groundbreaking and special in Ethics. This will give you a lead over other people.

Ethics Paper 

  • ETHICS report planning is structured to determine ‘ethical integrity,’ but not ‘ethical expertise.’
  • One should initially familiarize oneself with the words listed in the syllabus. One should be able to describe meanings in the simplest language and the minimum of language possible.
  • To explain, interest means preferences; ethics means advice about right or wrong; openness means providing the public with access to government information; accountability means keeping a person responsible for his / her actions; attitude means an individual’s own opinion of another person, concept, circumstance, etc.
  • Relate the terms and values of one’s personal experiences described in the syllabus. For example, if you’re truthful, try recollecting incidents from your life where you’ve displayed honesty.

Illustrations: Incident 1 – We were asked to write the opposite of Common in my 10 Standard Board exams, in the English Text. I wrote IMPOPULAR. Then, the exam inspector who walked accidentally saw my answer script and told me, UNPOPULAR is the right answer. I did not change my reaction though.

Incident 2 – I ate idli at Tumakuru Bus stand at Parimala Hotel on one Saturday. I forgot to pay for the rent and got out of the hotel. And the people at the hotel didn’t question me. I realized the same when I noticed excess money in my pocket that evening. I then went to the hotel promptly, said sorry and paid Monday morning for the rent.

  • If there is no real-life example, be ready to explain one’s point with anecdotes from the lives of social reformers, politicians, civil servants, etc. and other venerable public figures.
  • If there is no real-life example, be prepared to illustrate one’s point with anecdotes from the lives of social reformers, leaders, civil servants, etc. and other prominent figures throughout the media.
  • Another valuable tip-a hypothetical scenario is any case study you solve. And, for your exam responses, you may use the case studies you might have done as hypothetical scenarios.

Answer Writing Strategy for Part A

  • Theoretical Portion Section-A usually includes 12-13 10-mark questions of 120-130 marks each. These are to be answered in 150 words and to do the same in 2 pages. 
  • Ideally, the answer to a 10-marker question should be within 7 minutes. Questions may be empirical, or abstract at times.
  • Answers in Ethics may be written either in paragraphs or points depending on the problem type/demand. 
  • Ideally, the answer should include the following: introduction: in 2-3 lines, the definition for the keywords/terms listed in the question is given here.

Response body: it can be in paragraphs or sections. What matters is that they cover various dimensions so that the response is multidimensional. The response is written in points-bullets handles measurements far more easily than one in paragraphs where there is a high risk of digressing from the issue.

Theory: Answers should include ideas, thinkers, and words listed in the syllabus. It helps to preserve ‘ethical’ responses. Ideally, the theory will make up a maximum response of 20 percent. Overdoing ideas/keywords makes mechanical responses.

Examples: Citing example(s) is usually stated in the query.

Answer Writing Technique for Part B– 

Case Studies None of the answers to a case study is set. 

The aim would be to learn from the format: 

  1. Actors 
  2. Dilemmas
  3. Response Body
  4. Points 
  5. Keywords 
  6. Conclusion 
  7. Diagram 
  8. Theory
  • Seek coming up with realistic solutions. Ideal ideas wouldn’t get you marks if unworkable.
  • Offer realistic, but off – the-box solutions.
  • Seek to deliver practical solutions. Evite common solutions.
  • When asked to provide you with all the options at your fingertips-offer even the most undesirable course of action as one of the options. Don’t pick that option though.
  • Don’t just focus on key issues. In a case study, focus on peripheral problems too.
  • Let the ideas seek to as much as possible reconcile contradictory choices. (Caution-this kind of balance can not always happen)

So that’s all for today. We hope you learnt something new today. Contact As For IAS Coaching In Delhi Or Online IAS Coaching

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